I was giving a talk on hardy roses to a local gardening club recently and one of the members asked me if there were any native roses in Kansas. To my knowledge, there are two; invasive and colonizing R. multiflora, and prairie stalwart R. arkansana.
R. arkansana is, in fact, also known as the Prairie Rose and it is native to a large portion of central North America, from the Appalachians to the Rocky Mountains, and north to Canada. This once-yearly bloomer ranges in height from one to three feet, although on the native tall-grass prairie of the Flint Hills I seldom see it above the foot mark. There are 5 heart-shaped petals on this single, medium pink rose, and the center is covered with numerous bright yellow stamens. According to the Kansas Wildflower site, it has roots that may go down more than 20 feet into the prairie subsoil and it is very drought-resistant. The species name, arkansana, refers to the Arkansas River of Colorado, not the State of Arkansas. It is the state flower, however, not of Colorado or Arkansas, but of North Dakota and Iowa. Very confusing, isn't it?
I know that I've been rambling on about my Native Prairie Rose, but I would be remiss if I did not add in a link to an unbelievable fountain of Internet knowledge, the CybeRose & Bulbs site. I don't know who is behind it, but I can already tell I'm going to lose hours and hours there. This site that contained the H. H. Marshall article is a treasury of information on rose breeding and roses, many of them from the American Rose or its Annual and written by the giants of our rose-breeding past; Basye, Buck, Hansen, Lammerts, Harkness, and de Vries among many others. There is even a recopy of Luther Burbanks 1914 article, Burbank on the Rose, and a 1976 article by a then-little-known-breeder, Mr. William J. Radler, titled Blackspot Resistant Roses. And there is an extensive pictorial catalogue of roses. Abandon all sense of time, those of ye who enter.